San Luis Province

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San Luis

Provincia de San Luis
Province of San Luis
Flag of San Luis
Flag
Coat of arms of San Luis
Coat of arms
San Luis in Argentina (+Falkland hatched).svg
CountryArgentina
CapitalSan Luis
Divisions9 departments
Government
 • GovernorAlberto Rodríguez Saá
 • SenatorsLiliana Negre de Alonso, Adolfo Rodríguez Saá, Daniel Pérsico
Area
 • Total76,748 km2 (29,633 sq mi)
Population
 (2010[2])
 • Total432,310
 • Rank19th
 • Density5.6/km2 (15/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Puntano
Time zoneUTC−3 (ART)
ISO 3166 codeAR-D
HDI (2016)0.849 (7th)[3]
Websitesanluis.gov.ar

San Luis (Spanish pronunciation: [san ˈlwis]) is a province of Argentina located near the geographical center of the country (on the 32° South parallel). Neighboring provinces are, from the north clockwise, La Rioja, Córdoba, La Pampa, Mendoza and San Juan.

History[edit]

The city of San Luis was founded in 1594 by Luis Jufré de Loaysa y Meneses, but was subsequently abandoned. It was refounded by Martín García Óñez de Loyola in 1596 under the name San Luis de Loyola.[4]

Juan Saá, early advocate for provincial autonomy
San Luis Justicialist Party officials confer under the images of Juan and Evita Perón. The Rodríguez Saá brothers are seated in the middle.

Since the return of Argentina to democratic rule in 1983, in particular, the Rodríguez Saá family (of Peronist affiliation) has occupied the governor's seat. Governor (now Senator) Adolfo Rodríguez Saá has overseen investment by light manufacturers (mostly food-processors and bottling plants) and advances like the construction of Argentina's most extensive expressway network.[5]

Economy[edit]

San Luis' economy has, over the past generation, been among the most improved in Argentina. Its 2006 output, estimated at US$3.386 billion, yielded a per capita income of US$9,203 (somewhat above the national average).[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical evolution of the population of the province:

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17786,956[7]—    
181517,000[8]+144.4%
182020,000-25,000[9]—    
184720,000[10]—    
185330,000[10]+50.0%
186953,294[11]+77.6%
189581,450[12]+52.8%
1914116,266[13]+42.7%
YearPop.±%
1947165,546[13]+42.4%
1960174,316[13]+5.3%
1970183,460[13]+5.2%
1980214,416+16.9%
1991286,458+33.6%
2001366,900+28.1%
2010432,310+17.8%

Government[edit]

The provincial government is divided into three branches: the executive, headed by a popularly elected governor, who appoints the cabinet; the legislative; and the judiciary, headed by the Supreme Court.[citation needed]

Political division[edit]

The province is divided into nine departments (departamentos).

Administrative division (departments) of San Luis and the capital city.
Department Capital
Ayacucho San Francisco del Monte de Oro
Belgrano Villa General Roca
La Capital San Luis
Chacabuco Concarán
Coronel Pringles La Toma
General Pedernera Villa Mercedes
Gobernador Dupuy Buena Esperanza
Junín Santa Rosa
Libertador General San Martín Libertador General San Martín

Source for department names:[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "San Luis (Province, Argentina)". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Argentina: San Luis". City Population. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  3. ^ "Información para el desarrollo sostenible: Argentina y la Agenda 2030" (PDF) (in Spanish). United Nations Development Programme. p. 155. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  4. ^ "PROVINCIA DE SAN LUIS" (in Spanish). El Vigía. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
  5. ^ Grupo Payne Archived May 31, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "El déficit consolidado de las provincias rondará los $11.500 millones este año" (in Spanish). Instituto Argentino para el Desarrollo de las Economías Regionales. Archived from the original on July 11, 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  7. ^ Sonia Tell (2008), Córdoba rural, una sociedad campesina (1750-1850), Buenos Aires: Prometeo Libros Editorial, pp, 55 (nota n°32), ISBN 978-987-574-267-3,
  8. ^ Reynaldo Pastor (1970), San Luis, Su gloriosa y callada gesta, 1810-1867, Ciudad de San Luis, pp, 33
  9. ^ Sir Woodbine Parish (1853), Buenos Aires y las provincias del Rio de la Plata: desde su descubrimiento y conquista por los Españoles, Tomo II, Buenos Aires: Imprenta de Mayo, pp, 229
  10. ^ a b Sir Woodbine Parish, 1853: 450
  11. ^ Laura Marcela Méndez (2007), Las Efemérides En El Aula, Buenos Aires: Noveduc Libros, pp, 204, ISBN 987-538-125-X,
  12. ^ Mariela Ceva, Alejandro Fernández, Aníbal Jáuregui & Julio Stortini (2000), Historia Social Argentina En Documentos, Buenos Aires: Editorial Biblos, pp, 108, ISBN 950-786-245-5,
  13. ^ a b c d Argentina: población total por regiones y provincias, Censos Nacionales de 1914, 1947, 1960, 1970, 1980,1991 y 2001

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°18′S 66°21′W / 33.300°S 66.350°W / -33.300; -66.350