List of Liliaceae genera

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The List of Liliaceae genera has been much reduced by modern molecular phylogenetic based taxonomy. The current taxonomy of Liliaceae treats the family Liliaceae as having three subfamilies, with the Liliodeae being further subdivided into two tribes, the Medeoleae and Lilieae. The family Liliaceae consists of fifteen genera and approximately 600 species in all.

List of genera by subfamilial divisions[edit]

List of genera of family Liliaceae, arranged by Subfamilies and Tribes according to the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website and Angiosperm Phylogeny Group[1]
Subfamily Tribe Genus Image
Lilioideae Eaton Medeoleae Benth. (synonyms: Medeolaceae Takht., Medeoloideae Benth.) Clintonia Raf. - bead lilies
Medeola Gronov. ex L. - Indian cucumber-root
Lilieae s.l. Ritgen (synonyms: Erythroniaceae Martinov, Fritillariaceae Salisb., Liriaceae Borkh., Tulipaceae Borkh.)

(Some classifications place Tulipa and Erythronium into a separate tribe: Tulipeae with the remaining genera in Lilieae s.s.)[2]
Cardiocrinum (Endl.) Lindl. - giant lilies
Fritillaria Tourn. ex L. – fritillary or mission bells
Gagea Salisb. (including Lloydia Salisb. ex Rchb.)
– yellow star-of-Bethlehem
Lilium Tourn. ex L. – lily
Nomocharis Franch.
Notholirion Wall. ex Boiss.
Tulipa L. (including Amana Honda) – tulip
Erythronium L. – trout lily
Calochortoideae Dumort. (synonyms: Calochortaceae Dumort., Compsoaceae Horan., nom. illeg., Tricyrtidaceae Takht., nom. cons.) Calochortus Pursh - mariposa, globe lilies
Tricyrtis Wall. – toad lily
Streptopoideae (synonym: Scoliopaceae Takht.) Prosartes D.Don – drops of gold
Scoliopus Torr. – Fetid Adder's Tongue
Streptopus Michx. – twistedstalk
The situation with respect to Calochortoideae remains uncertain. Originally Calochortus and Tricyrtis were considered to be sister clades and placed together in subfamily Calochortoideae. Further study has not confirmed this and it has been proposed that Tricyrtis be placed in a separate subfamily.[3]



  • Stevens, P.F. (2015) [1st. Pub. 2001], Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, Missouri Botanical Garden, retrieved 13 April 2015
  • Peruzzi, L.; Leitch, I.J.; Caparelli, K.F. (2009). "Chromosome diversity and evolution in Liliaceae". Annals of Botany. 103 (3): 459–475. doi:10.1093/aob/mcn230. PMC 2707325. PMID 19033282.
  • Kim, Jung Sung; Hong, Jeong-Ki; Chase, Mark W.; Fay, Michael F.; Kim, Joo-Hwan (May 2013). "Familial relationships of the monocot order Liliales based on a molecular phylogenetic analysis using four plastid loci: matK, rbcL, atpB and atpF-H". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 172 (1): 5–21. doi:10.1111/boj.12039.