William Vestey, 1st Baron Vestey

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The Lord Vestey
Born(1859-01-21)21 January 1859
Died10 December 1940(1940-12-10) (aged 81)
Resting placeLiverpool Cathedral
NationalityBritish
OccupationBusinessman
Title1st Baron Vestey
SuccessorSamuel Vestey, 2nd Baron

William Vestey, 1st Baron Vestey (21 January 1859 – 10 December 1940), was an English shipping magnate.[1]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

William Vestey was born on 21 January 1859. He came from an old Liverpool family of traders. In 1876, at the age of seventeen, he was sent to Chicago by his father Samuel Vestey, a provisioner of Liverpool.[2]

Career[edit]

He first managed a meat canning factory that was financed by his father. Together with his younger brother Edmund, he established Vestey Brothers (which later became the Vestey Group) in 1897 from a family butchery business in Liverpool. They were pioneers of refrigeration, opening a cold store in London in 1895.

The Vestey brothers then went to South America in an attempt to make a fortune because the economy there was booming. They started by buying game birds and storing them in the cold stores of American companies before shipping them to Liverpool. These early activities soon developed into importing beef and beef products into the UK, which in turn led to them owning cattle ranches in Brazil, Venezuela and Australia, and their own meat processing factories in Argentina, Uruguay (Frigorífico Anglo del Uruguay), New Zealand and Australia. In 1914, they built a meat processing works at Bullocky Point, Darwin, Australia, but closed its operations in 1920 after the Darwin Rebellion.[citation needed]

They acquired the 3,000-square-kilometre (1,200 sq mi) Wave Hill Station in the Northern Territory of Australia, in 1914.[3] At that time, legislation permitted Aboriginal Australian workers to be paid in tea, tobacco and other rations. The Vesteys refused to pay their workers in wages, leading to tensions and arguments from the beginning, which continued until the Wave Hill walk-off, a strike beginning in 1967 and lasting eight years.[4]

In 1915, the brothers, after being refused a request for income tax exemption made to David Lloyd George, moved to Buenos Aires to avoid paying income tax in the UK. The family later administered the business through a Paris trust that enabled it to legally avoid UK tax until the loophole was closed in 1991.[5] From 1915 to 1918, they moved to Chicago then to Argentina and back to England. Lord Vestey later became an important benefactor to Liverpool Cathedral, where he funded the building of the bell tower.

WWI and peerage[edit]

During World War I another Vestey company, the Blue Star Line (now part of P&O Nedlloyd), was a major supplier of Argentine beef to England, and it was for this service to the wartime provisioning of England that William Vestey was later raised to the peerage. He was made a Baronet of Bessémer House in the Metropoliton Borough of Camberwell[6] on 21 June 1913,[7] and Baron Vestey, of Kingswood in the County of Surrey on 20 June 1922.[8]

Personal life[edit]

His first wife died in 1923 and was buried in Liverpool Cathedral. He then married Evelene Brodstone of Superior, Nebraska, on 1 August 1924. She had been working as a stenographer with the Vestey Meat Packing Plant in Chicago, where she was spotted by his brother. She would rise through the company, eventually becoming the highest paid female executive in the world. She survived him following his death aged 81 in December 1940. His ashes were buried in Liverpool Cathedral. On 24 July 1941, the 2nd Lady Vestey was buried at Evergreen Cemetery of Superior in Nebraska. Each spring during memorial weekend, Superior holds the annual Lady Vestey Festival in her honor. This is the town's largest annual celebration and it attracts many people from around the area.

Literature[edit]

  • Phillip Knightley The Rise and Fall of the House of Vestey, on the business empire established by William Vestey in 1897;

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.bluestarline.org/william_vestey.htm
  2. ^ http://www.victorianfestival.info
  3. ^ Lawford, Elliana; Zillman, Stephanie (18 August 2016). "Timeline: From Wave Hill protest to land handbacks". ABC News. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  4. ^ "Gurindji strike for their land". Deadly Story. Victoria Government. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  5. ^ Heirs and disgraces, The Guardian, 11 August 1999.
  6. ^ Welcome to HereditaryTitles.com Archived 13 December 2004 at the Wayback Machine at www.hereditarytitles.com
  7. ^ "No. 28733". The London Gazette. 1 July 1913. p. 4638.
  8. ^ "No. 32722". The London Gazette. 23 June 1922. p. 4718.
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Vestey
1922–1940
Succeeded by
Samuel Vestey
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Bessemer House)
1913–1940
Succeeded by
Samuel Vestey